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Irene Castle: The Unsung Role of a Humanitarian Towards Fundamentals Defining the Operation of Modern IACUCs

Eduardo Tena-Betancourt1,2*, J Gerardo Arroyo-Del Castillo1, Regina J Bautista-Carbajal2 and Lukas Reipen1

DOI: 10.26717/BJSTR.2017.01.000298

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    • 1Animal Facility Services and Experimental Surgery, Facultad Mexicana de Medicina, Universidad La Salle, A.C. CDMX, Mexico, 14000.
    • 2Department of Ethology Wildlife and Laboratory Animals, Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia, UNAM, CDMX, Mexico,04510
    • Corresponding author: Eduardo Tena-Betancourt, DVM, MSc, Coordinator, Animal Facility Services and Experimental Surgery, Facultad Mexicana de Medicina, Universidad La Salle, Professor, Department of Ethology, Wildlife and Laboratory Animals, Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia, UNAM, Ciudad Universitaria, CDMX, 04510, Mexico

Received: August 12, 2017;   Published: August 23, 2017

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Abstract

Animal research is an evolutionary process where researchers subject themselves to strong competition for funding. Since 1985, the approval of such endeavors had envisioned the official incorporation of strict rules and regulations to assure humane animal use and care, falling under IACUCs regulation. In order to get their projects approved, researchers comply with their respective institutional organizations but they are rarely, if never exposed, to data involving the fundamentals resulting in the creation of modern IACUCs. Therefore, this paper intends to fill out an outstanding gap of information regarding the foundation of the first known animal ethics committee in the Chicago-area during 1945, and the struggles that characterized its genesis and the official implementation among medical organizations, while describing the early role played by distinct key characters involved that resulted in modern IACUCs.

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