*Corresponding author:Hongbo Liu, School of Environment and Architecture, University of Shanghai for Science and Technology, 200093, Shanghai China Qingyuan-Hong Kong & China Water Co. LTD, 215000, Suzhou, China
Received: September 16, 2017; Published: September 21, 2017
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Antibiotics, ARGs, ARB and AMR have been frequently reported in aquatic environment, which has gained increasing concern as with explosion of antibiotics. The potential adverse effects of antibiotics, ARGs, ARB and AMR are undeniably tremendous. In this paper, we think that besides overconsumption of antibiotics, WWTPs, DWTPs, agriculture, aquaculture and livestock are the roots resulting in the vicious cycle of antibiotics through aquatic environment. Simultaneously, suggestions were given to mitigate the vicious cycle.
Keywords: Vicious cycle; Roots; Antibiotic; Aquatic environment
Abbreviations: WWTPS: Waste Water Treatment Plants; ARGS: Antibiotics and Antibiotic Resistance Genes; ARB: Antibiotic Resistance Bacteria; AMR: Antimicrobial Resistance; DWTPS: Drinking water treatment plants