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Case ReportOpen Access

Design of Compression/Pressure Garments for Diversified Medical Applications

*N Gokarneshan

DOI: 10.26717/BJSTR.2017.01.000309

  • Author Information Open or Close
    • General Surgery Consultant, France
    • Corresponding author: N Gokarneshan, Department of Textile Technology, Park College of engineering and technology, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India

Received: August 12, 2017;   Published: August 29, 2017

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Abstract

Compression garments have been extensively in varied medical and sports applications. The article critically reviews the design aspects of knit compression garments for suitability in sports and medical applications. The influences of physical attributes of suitable knitted fabrics on the amount of pressure generated on the underlying body have been studied. The tensile properties of the knit fabrics having various orientations to stretch, predictive pressure generated by compression garments have been primarily considered. Subsequently a method of validating the reliability of laplace law for calculating applied pressures for calculation of applied pressures that are generated by compression garments have been highlighted. Modeling of compression garments has been done with the intended value of unit pressure for the body circumference of a variable curvature radius. The basis of modeling considered can be applied in designing compression garments supporting external treatment such as after burn therapy and lymphadema. The physical and mechanical properties of nylon/spandex knitted fabrics used as commercial medical compression garments have been analyzed. The findings help to understand whether a fabric is suitable for engineering compression garments and also for estimating the required compression force for designing an individualized compression with the medical compression fabrics. The dynamic pressure attenuation of compression garment is studied experimentally. The findings enable a better understanding of the characteristics of elastic fabric used for making compression garments, and prove useful for medical practitioners with scientific developments and for effective applications. The physical and mechanical properties of nylon/spandex knitted fabrics as commercial medical compression garments have been investigated. Specifically fabric elasticity and bursting strength have been studied to show the applicability of the fabrics for providing satisfactory compression. Such study is necessary to understand whether a fabric is suitable for engineering compression garments and also for estimating the required compression force for designing an individualized compression garments with medical compression fabrics. Study has been carried out to evolve an effective design and development of various high stretch compression products by analyzing fabric size, stretch properties and clothing pressure for different knit structures.

|Abstract| |Introduction| |Factors determining usefulness of compression garments in sports| |Modelling and Designing of Compression Garments| |Properties of Medical Compression Fabrics| |Practical Studies On The Dynamic Pressure Attenuation Of Elastic Fabric For Compression Garment| |Properties of polyester SCY knit fabric| |Conclusion| |References|