Laparoscopiccholecystectomy( L C ) hasdramaticallyreplacedconventional open cholecystectomy .
LC was introduced by Mouret in 1987. It is one of the most common
procedures being performed by the general surgeons all over the
world. With more and more endeavors being made in the field
of laparoscopy, more and more complicatedcases, which were
relatively contraindicated a few years ago, are now being performed
laparoscopically. Advantages of LC are a better cosmesis, shorter
hospital stay, shorter recovery time and decreased morbidity .
Now a days LC has become the gold standard not only for routine
gall bladder removal due to asymptomatic or symptomatic gall
stones but also for the treatment of acute gall bladder inflammation
. One of the most important aspects of safe LC is a meticulous
dissection of the structures in the triangle of Calot.