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Research ArticleOpen Access

Incidence of Hip Dysplasia in Domestic Cats - Study With 86 Animals

Volume 9 - Issue 1

Ana Carolina Valentim Hespanha1, Danilo Marques*2, Ana Carina Saito Silvestre3, Paula Fratini4, José Fernando Ibañez5

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    • 1Department of Veterinary Clinic Autonoma, Brazil
    • 2Department Orthopedic, nclivepa Hospital, Brazil
    • 3Department of Veterinary Clinic Autonoma, Brazil
    • 4Biologist, Postdoctoral studies at the University of São Paulo, Brazil
    • 5Teacher of veterinary orthopedics at the Federal University of Paraná, Brazil

    *Corresponding author:Danilo Marques, Department Orthopedic, nclivepa Hospital, Av. Miguel Estefno, Brazil

Received: August 25, 2018;   Published: September 12, 2018

DOI: 10.26717/BJSTR.2018.09.001731

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Although a well-studied joint disease in dogs, hip dysplasia (HD) in cats is a relatively neglected condition. There remains some controversy as to the clinical manifestations and incidence of hip dysplasia in domestic cats. The clinical manifestations in cats differ from those in dogs - the literature indicates that the main clinical signs are reluctance/ difficulty jumping. There is, therefore, great interest in identification of clinical signs to allow early diagnosis and treatment to avoid chronic problems. As in dogs, definitive diagnosis in cats is by radiographic examination. The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence of hip dysplasia in adult cats using radiographic examination and to correlate radiographic findings with Norberg Angle. Eighty - six cats over one year old were evaluated in which the Norberg angle, articular and morphological alterations were evaluated. Thirty-five (35/86) cats showed some sign of discomfort during physical examination. Nine owners (9/56) of the incongruent cats reported some behavioral changes during anamnesis. The results of this study suggest that there is a high incidence of feline hip dysplasia in this study and the Norberg Angle should be used in conjunction with other findings in the diagnosis of hip dysplasia.

Keywords: Feline; Hip Dysplasia; Clinical Signs; Diagnosis; Radiology

Abstract | Introduction | Materials and Methods | Results and Discussion | Conclusion | References |