*Corresponding author:Wataru Ochiai, Department of Clinical Pharmacokinetics, Hoshi University, Japan
Received: June 03, 2018; Published: June 12, 2018
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Pregnane X receptor (PXR) is a nuclear receptor that exists in forms such as PXR1 and PXR2. Activated PXR1 heterodimerizes with retinoid X receptor to increase the transcription of cytochrome P450 3A (CYP3A), a drug-metabolizing enzyme, by binding to the PXR biding site in nuclei. PXR2 is a splice variant of PXR1, which is localized to the nuclei and down regulates the transcription of CYP3A by PXR1. The present study investigated the roles of PXR1 and PXR2 in the regulation of CYP3A11 expression in adult mouse organs and primary cultured hepatocytes. In the liver and small intestine, which show high expression of CYP3A11 mRNA, PXR1 mRNA was highly expressed while PXR2 mRNA expression was low. In the lung, kidneys, heart, and stomach, which show low expression of CYP3A11 mRNA, both PXR1 and PXR2 mRNA were expressed at high levels. In the muscle and spleen, which express little CYP3A11 mRNA, both PXR1 and PXR2 mRNA were expressed at low levels. In primary-cultured hepatocytes, PXR1 mRNA was expressed at high levels on day 0 of culture, and markedly decreased beginning on day 1. PXR2 mRNA was expressed at low levels on day 0, and gradually increased until day 5. CYP3A11 mRNA exhibited a different expression pattern from that of PXR1 or PXR2; expression peaked on day 0 and then gradually decreased. These results suggest that CYP3A11 expression is upregulated by PXR1 and downregulated by PXR2.
Keywords: PXR1; PXR2; CYP3A11; Hepatocyte; Liver
Abbreviations: VDR: Vitamin D receptor; PXR: Pregnane X Receptor; CAR: Constitutive Androstane Receptor; RXR: Retinoid X Receptor