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Research ArticleOpen Access

Impact of Aquatic Salinity on Mangrove Seedlings: A Case Study on Heritiera fomes (Common Name: Sundari)

Volume 1 - Issue 4

Nabonita Pal1, Sufia Zaman1, Prosenjit Pramanick1 and Abhijit Mitra2*

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    • 1Department of Oceanography, Techno India University West Bengal, India
    • 2Department of Marine Science, University of Calcutta, India

    *Corresponding author: Abhijit Mitra, Department of Oceanography, Techno India University West Bengal, Salt Lake Campus, Kolkata 700091, India

Received: August 20, 2017;   Published: September 12, 2017

DOI: 10.26717/BJSTR.2017.01.000348

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Heritiera fomes (commonly known as Sundari in India) is gradually getting extinct from high saline pockets of lower Gangetic plain. Hydroponically grown seedlings of the species were analyzed for Chl a, Chl b, total chlorophyll, Chl a:b ratio and carotenoid at five different salinity levels (2, 5, 10, 15 and 20 psu). The concentrations of chlorophyll and carotenoid pigments exhibited significant negative correlations with salinity (p < 0.01). The total chlorophyll expressed, on unit fresh wt. basis decreased by 63.39% to 73.33% and in case of carotenoid the decrease was from 27.78% to 36.84% with the increase of salinity from 2 to 20 psu. The Chl a:b ratio in the plant remained almost constant throughout the period of investigation during 2017 January. The results show that Heritiera fomes of Indian Sundarbans region can be sustained and propagated under low saline environment. At 15 psu, the plants become acclimated in one to two weeks, but at 20 psu the seedlings could not survive. The study is important as rising salinity is experienced in central Indian Sundarbans of lower Gangetic plain due to sea level rise and obstruction of freshwater flow from Ganga-Bhagirathi-Hooghly channel as a result of heavy siltation.

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