Received: December 01, 2017; Published: December 08, 2017
Corresponding author: Saraswathi KN, JSS College of nursing, Mysore, Karnataka, India
Biobank is a depository for biomaterials for biomaterials from a representative portion of a representative portion of a human population.
a) The Biobank acts as a vault with intricate detailed information pertaining to the individuals from whom biological materials have been collected.
b) Data collection: Data collection and proper and proper cataloging are essential are essential components for the success components for the success of a Biobank [1-3].
a) Tissue bank Tissue bank
I. Surgical tissues,
II. Transplant tissues
III. Transplant tissues
b) Cancer / Tumor bank Cancer / Tumor bank
c) Cord blood / Stem cell bank Cord blood / Stem cell bank
d) Blood bank Blood bank – Dried Blood Spots Dried Blood Spots
e) Body fluids Body fluids
iv. Buccal scrapings,
f) DNA / RNA bank DNA / RNA bank
g) Cornea bank Cornea bank Functional Division
Cell and Molecular Biology Cell and Molecular Biology
a) Blood Center Blood Center
a) Research work-biomedical experiments for a particular disease in a specific population.
b) Routine work-health centers, hospitals, health centers, hospitals, blood transfusion centers and Public / Private pathological laboratories.
c) Epidemiological work– monitoring in susceptible populations after disease outbreak, poisoning and / or pollution.
For tissue banking, freely given informed patient consent is mandatory. Patient consent forms needs to be upgraded from time upgraded from time -to -time following IRB regulations.
a) Model Consent Form
c) Quality assurance checks necessary for right from planning, implementation, up to documentation and analysis.
d) Safety is crucial:
Biobank in India
NIMHANS: Brain Biobank
ACTREC, Mumbai: cancer Biobank
a) Organ Retrieval Banking Organ Retrieval Banking Organization (ORBO), Organization (ORBO), AIIMS, New Delhi
b) National Repository for National Repository for Cell Lines / Cell Lines / Hybridomas, NCCS, Pune
c) Mycobacterial Repository, Mycobacterial Repository, JALMA, Agra JALMA, Agra
India has a population India has a population of over a billion and is of over a billion and is the world the world’s largest s largest democracy. India has a very high burden of communicable and communicable and non -communicable communicable diseases. India has the means to make a modest start towards establishing a Biobank.