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OpinionOpen Access

Biobanking Volume 1 - Issue 7

Saraswathi KN*

  • Assistant Professor, JSS College of nursing, India

Received: December 01, 2017;   Published: December 08, 2017

Corresponding author: Saraswathi KN, JSS College of nursing, Mysore, Karnataka, India

DOI: 10.26717/BJSTR.2017.01.000575

Abstract PDF


Biobank is a depository for biomaterials for biomaterials from a representative portion of a representative portion of a human population.

a) The Biobank acts as a vault with intricate detailed information pertaining to the individuals from whom biological materials have been collected.

b) Data collection: Data collection and proper and proper cataloging are essential are essential components for the success components for the success of a Biobank [1-3].


a) Tissue bank Tissue bank

I. Surgical tissues,

II. Transplant tissues

III. Transplant tissues

b) Cancer / Tumor bank Cancer / Tumor bank

c) Cord blood / Stem cell bank Cord blood / Stem cell bank

d) Blood bank Blood bank – Dried Blood Spots Dried Blood Spots

e) Body fluids Body fluids

i. Synovial,

ii. Urine,

iii. Sputum,

iv. Buccal scrapings,

v. scrapings,

vi. Sperm

f) DNA / RNA bank DNA / RNA bank

g) Cornea bank Cornea bank Functional Division


Cell and Molecular Biology Cell and Molecular Biology

a) Blood Center Blood Center

b) Pathology

c) Genetics

d) Bioengineering

e) Cryobiology

f) Bioinformatics

g) Ethics


a) Research work-biomedical experiments for a particular disease in a specific population.

b) Routine work-health centers, hospitals, health centers, hospitals, blood transfusion centers and Public / Private pathological laboratories.

c) Epidemiological work– monitoring in susceptible populations after disease outbreak, poisoning and / or pollution.

Ethical /safety issues

For tissue banking, freely given informed patient consent is mandatory. Patient consent forms needs to be upgraded from time upgraded from time -to -time following IRB regulations.

a) Model Consent Form

b) Confidentiality

c) Quality assurance checks necessary for right from planning, implementation, up to documentation and analysis.

d) Safety is crucial:

Biobank in India

NIMHANS: Brain Biobank

ACTREC, Mumbai: cancer Biobank

Repositories in India

a) Organ Retrieval Banking Organ Retrieval Banking Organization (ORBO), Organization (ORBO), AIIMS, New Delhi

b) National Repository for National Repository for Cell Lines / Cell Lines / Hybridomas, NCCS, Pune

c) Mycobacterial Repository, Mycobacterial Repository, JALMA, Agra JALMA, Agra


India has a population India has a population of over a billion and is of over a billion and is the world the world’s largest s largest democracy. India has a very high burden of communicable and communicable and non -communicable communicable diseases. India has the means to make a modest start towards establishing a Biobank.


  1. Vaught JB (2006) Biorepository and Biospecimen Science: a new focus for CEBP. Cancer Epidemiol Biomakers Prev 15(9): 1572-1573.
  2. Knoppers BM (2005) Biobanking: international norms. J Law Med Ethics 33(1): 7 -14.
  3. Watson PH, Barnes RO (2011) A proposed schema for classifying human research Biobank. Biopreserv Biobank 9(4): 327-333.