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Obesity: Modulating Adiponectin Levels Through Diet

Volume 11 - Issue 3

Luciana França Matoso Barbalho1, Virna Ferreira de Souza1, Juliana Luciano Gaspar Capibaribe1, Thalita Marjorie Cavalcante de Azevedo1, Kétsia Bezerra Medeiros2 and Alexandre Coelho Serquiz*3

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    • 1Graduation of the Nutrition Course, Brazil
    • 2Master Professor of the Nutrition Course, Brazil
    • 3Professor of the Nutrition Course, Brazil
    • *Corresponding author: Alexandre Coelho Serquiz, Professor of the Nutrition Course, RN, Brazil

Received: November 16, 2018;   Published: November 29, 2018

DOI: 10.26717/BJSTR.2018.11.002117

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Obesity is considered a chronic condition of multiple etiology that can be linked to several factors, such as behavior, metabolism, genetics, environment, and psychosocial aspects. It is characterized by the excess of body fat from the excessive consumption of calories combined with a lack of physical activity. The excessive body fat causes a state of chronic inflammation that can lead to the development of chronic non-communicable diseases, among which the most common are diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular diseases, and cancer. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), “obesity is considered a global epidemic caused, primarily, by dietary and physical activity patterns.” Such a scenario is directly related to the nutritional transition which occurred in the last decades - the dietary replacement of natural foods with processed and ultra-processed foods with a predominance of excessive salt, fat, and sugars. This new diet, with a higher energy density, combined with the lack of physical activity culminated in this ever-increasing epidemic that became a global public health problem.

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