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Study of Prevalence and Associated Risk Factors of Bovine Fasciolosis in and Around Ambo District Abattoir and Field Survey Western Ethiopia

Volume 11 - Issue 3

Abiy Gojam1 and Dereje Tulu2*

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    • 1School of Veterinary Medicine, Jimma University, P. O. Box 307, Jimma, Ethiopia
    • 2Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Ethiopia
    • *Corresponding author: Dereje Tulu, Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Tepi Agricultural Research Center, Ethiopia

Received: November 12, 2018;   Published: November 26, 2018

DOI: 10.26717/BJSTR.2018.11.002100

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A cross-sectional study was conducted with aim of assessing prevalence and associated risk factors of bovine fasciolosis in and around Ambo from November 2015 to November 2016. The methodology and procedures used in the studies consisted coprology to determine the EPG, disease prevalence and abattoir survey in slaughtered animal to determine the fluke burden, pathology of liver. A total of 384 fecal samples were examined and 150 (39%) were found to be positive for fasciolosis. Associated predisposing factors taken are; sex and body condition did not show a significant effect for the infection to occur (P>0.05). However, there was a statistically significant association of fasciolosis between age group (p<0.05). Out of 150 positive animals’ EPG count indicate that 11 animals’ mild infestation, and 55 animals lightly infestation with fasciola egg < 600 EPG. From the total number of cattle slaughtered (258) during study period which was taken randomly at post mortem examination (101) of them were found to be positive for fasciolosis. Fasciola hepatica was found to the only liver fluke species affecting cattle slaughtered in the study area dominating the overall fluke burden. Based on the prevalence rates and local factors, an appropriate control strategy pertinent to the local situation it has designed and forwarded with other point to reduce the disease problem on livestock production.

Introduction| Materials and Methods| Results| Conclusion and Recommendations| References|