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Review ArticleOpen Access

Oral Vaccines-Types, Delivery Strategies, Current and Future Perspectives

Volume 11 - Issue 2

Mohammad Nazmul Hasan*1 and S M Shatil Shahriar2

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    • 1Department of Green Bioengineering, Korea National University of Transportation, Korea
    • 1Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Korea National University of Transportation, Korea
    • *Corresponding author: Mohammad Nazmul Hasan, Department of Green Bioengineering, Korea National University of Transportation, Korea

Received: November 13, 2018;   Published: November 21, 2018

DOI: 10.26717/BJSTR.2018.11.002074

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Oral immunization is considered the most convenient route of vaccination rather than any other route due to their abundance of facilities over the traditional vaccines. Gaining of mucosal immunity through oral vaccination can act as a protector against human to human or animal to human pathogenic transmission of diseases and also inhibit the pathogenic replication in the mucosal area which is the most preferable able route of microbe’s penetration to the host blood circulation. Unfortunately, there are a handful of oral licensed vaccines in the market due to several drawbacks. Here, we tried to present a brief discussion on the various type of vaccines, oral vaccine delivering strategies and their current and future perspectives.

Abbreviations : OPV: Oral Polio Vaccine, VAPP: Vaccine-Associated Paralytic Polio, HBsAg: Hepatitis B Surface Antigen, HA: Hyaluronic Acid, HIV: Human Immunodeficiency Virus

Introduction| Conclusion and Future Perspectives References|