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Case ReportOpen Access

Tuberculosis Spine in Neonate: A Case Report

Volume 10 - Issue 3

Goh Teik Chiang*1,2, Teo Khai Ling2 and Saw Xue Yi2

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    • 1 Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Hospital Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Malaysia
    • 2 Department of Orthopaedic and Traumatology, Melaka Hospital, Malaysia
    • *Corresponding author: Goh Teik Chiang, Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Hospital Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Received: October 11, 2018;   Published: October 26, 2018

DOI: 10.26717/BJSTR.2018.10.001952

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Abstract

Spinal tuberculosis, TB prevalence is increasing across the world but with very little to almost zero data regarding its prevalence in neonates. The complications of spine TB can be as devastating as causing irreversible paraplegia, bone destruction and severe spine deformity which then lead to spinal cord decompression, cardiopulmonary dysfunction. Detecting spine TB in infants at early stage might be difficult as the disease often present with vague symptoms with neurological deficit only manifested at the later stage as demonstrated in our case. Therefore, a clear background history is very crucial in treating any patients with possibility of having TB spine. In many cases, medical treatment alone has good outcome and even improve neurological involvement if treated early. More study however, is required to assess the long-term outcome of Spine TB in neonates and children. We report a case of 2 months old female infant sustained extrapulmonary TB with spinal TB. This case emphasizes on difficulty in diagnosis and challenge in treating neonate TB spine in our centre.

Keywords : Spine Tuberculosis (TB); Neonates; Extrapulmonary; Antituberculous Treatment

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