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Research ArticleOpen Access

Hepatitis B Co - Infection in HIV AIDS Patients in Woldia, Ethiopia

Volume 10 - Issue 3

Endeshaw Abatenh*, Amare Asmamaw, Lemelem Hiluf and Nebil Mohammed

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    • Department of Biology, Woldia University, Ethiopia
    • *Corresponding author: Endeshaw Abatenh, Woldia University, Faculty of Natural and Computational Science, Department of Biology, Woldia, Ethiopia

Received: September 25, 2018;   Published: October 25, 2018

DOI: 10.26717/BJSTR.2018.10.001949

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Abstract

Hepatitis B is one of liver infection resulting from the presence of viral agents. HIV infected individuals are more susceptible to hepatitis B viral infection as their disease progresses into AIDS. Now a day, Hepatitis B is present in HIV infected patients. The aim of this study was to investigate medical information and to get their perception regarding co-infection as well as to assess associated risk factors for Hepatitis B abnormalities among HIV positive patients in Woldia General Hospital, Ethiopia. The questionnaire form was filled up appropriately. They are also forward relevant characteristics. HIV-AIDS patients co-infected with Hepatitis B was studied. A total of 30 patients were included here. Different social groups were participated during in the time of the study. From the total study population, 46.7% (14) are males and 53.3% (16) are females. They have a variety of personal characteristics. Most of the 53% were illiterate and 43.33% survive in agricultural practice. The major associated risk factors facilitate for co-infection were unprotected sexual habit, screening with a variety of pathogens, sharing unsterilized personal types of equipment and illegal drug use. The basic point of reason had both weak immune system and low CD4 cell count was commented from respondents. To solve the problem first, free from unsecured sexual intercourse who had already Hepatitis B. Second, sterilizing equipment’s. Lastly, avoiding illegal drug usage. In overall patients should have to get a vaccine. Finally, they had a good common understanding of medical aspects.

Keywords : (HBV) Hepatitis B Virus; HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus); AIDS (Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome); Co-Infection; Risk Factor

Abstract | Introduction| Materials and Methods| Results | Discussion| Conclusion| Recommendation| Acknowledgment| References|