*Corresponding author:Yuh Shiow Li, Associate Professor, Department of Nursing, Chang Gung University of Science and Technology, Address: No.261, Wen-Hua 1st Road, Kweishan, Taoyuan 333-03, Taiwan
Received: September 22, 2018; Published: September 28, 2018
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Purpose: This study was to explore the relationship between the learning styles and caring behaviours of nursing students in a 5-year associate degree nursing program and 4-year and 2-year bachelor of science nursing programs.
Methods: Two measurement instruments were used: the Chinese version of the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) to identify learning styles and the Caring Behavior Scale (CBS) to measure caring behaviors. The research period was from 2015 to 2016. Ethical approval was granted. To analyze the study data, descriptive statistics, one-way analysis of variance and an independent t-test were performed.
Results: Three common learning styles were found: ENFP (extraversion, intuition, feeling, perceiving), ISTJ (introversion, sensing, thinking, judging) and ISFJ (introversion, sensing, feeling, judging). The results indicated that caring behaviors are significantly related to learning styles. Moreover, there was a significant difference between caring behaviors and subscales extraversion/introversion, respectively.
Conclusion: The information about learning style and caring behavior is a major consideration while planning for successful nursing education. Further research is recommended. This study provides a reference for the design of nursing curricula, as well as the use of varied teaching strategies to appropriately respond to students’ needs, so that they can mitigate problematic learning situations and provide quality of care in the workplace.
Keywords: Associate Degree of Nursing; Bachelor of Science in Nursing; Caring Behaviors; Learning Styles