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Research ArticleOpen Access

Effects of Short-Term Macronutrient Redistribution on Performance Parameters in Resistance Trained Males

Volume 9 - Issue 2

Daniel A Jaffe1*, Jennifer K Hewit1, Jason C Sawyer2, Jason M Cholewa3, Alexander J Bedard1, Tracey D Matthews4, Brian A Thompson4 and Samuel AE Headley4

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    • 1Department of Physical Education, United States Military Academy, United States
    • 2Movement Science, Sport and Leisure Studies Department, Westfield State University, United States
    • 3Department of Kinesiology, Coastal Carolina University, United States
    • 4Department of Exercise Science and Sport Studies, Springfield College, United States

    *Corresponding author: Daniel A Jaffe, Department of Physical Education, United States Military Academy, Arvin Cadet Physical Development Center, 727 Brewerton Road, West Point, 10996, New York, United States

Received: September 07, 2018;   Published: September 20, 2018

DOI: 10.26717/BJSTR.2018.09.001760

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The present study was designed to examine the physical performance responses associated with adoption of a one-week low carbohydrate (LC) or low fat (LF) diet in resistance trained males. Subjects (n = 10) participated in four separate testing sessions, both pre and post assessment following the LC and LF diets. Performance parameters evaluated included the vertical jump (VJ), one-repetition maximum back squat (SQ) and bench press (BP), and a repetition maximum bench press (RMBP) at 75% of the attained maximum. Prior to testing, blood was drawn via venipuncture and evaluated for Testosterone and Growth Hormone concentrations. Testosterone concentration was found to be significantly lower (p < .05) with LC when compared to LF. No significant changes in performance were noted (p >0.05) across performance of all aforementione assessments. In resistance trained males, individuals have the option of switching to either a LC or LF diet without adversely affecting acute performance. Either of these strategies can be successfully applied to a nutritional periodization scheme in accordance with the training goals of the individual.

Keywords: Low Carbohydrate Diet; Strength; Endurance

Abbreviations: RER: Respiratory Exchange Ratio; CRD: Carbohydrate Restricted Diet; VJ: Vertical Jump; 1-RM: One-Repetition Maximum; BP: Bench Press; SQ: Back Squat; RMBP: Maximum Repetition Bench Press; IRB: Institutional Review Board; ELISA: Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay; CSCS: Certified Strength and Conditioning Specialist;

Abstract | Introduction | Methods | Procedures | Statistical Analysis | Results | Discussion | Practical Applications | References |