*Corresponding author:Sileshi Dubale, Department of Nursing, Mettu University, Mettu Ethiopia, Ethiopia
Received: August 01, 2018; Published: September 12, 2018
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Background: Knowledge on causes & initiation time of TB treatment of the community is critical and improve or worsen the transmission of the disease and treatment outcomes. Lack of awareness about the disease contribute to how compliance to chemotherapy and preventive measures of the disease.
The objectives of this study were: To assess timeline of initiation of the treatment and current knowledge of patients in Mettu Town. A facility based descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted from April 28/2016 –May 29/2016 and all patients attending Mettu Karl hospital and Mettu health center were included. Data was compiled and analyzed by using Statistical package for Social Sciences software (SPSS) version 20.0. Statistical significance was defined at a level of 0.05 and data was described with a confidence interval of 95%.
Results: Forty-six (52.87%) of respondents were female and 48.5% of the patients belong to age group of 15-29. Fifty-four (62.07%) of respondents residing in Urban setting and 54.02% were Oromo and 43.68% of respondents can read and write. Thirty-three (37.93%) of respondents recognized the symptoms one month before they presented to health facility for the first time.
Conclusion and Recommendation: Significant numbers of the respondents were not knowledgeable and delayed in the initiation of the treatment. Appropriate intervention should be taken to reverse this problem.
Keywords: Treatment Initiation; Current Knowledge; Tuberculosis