*Corresponding author:Carlos Antonio Dóro, Researcher, Musician and Music Therapist: Carlos Antonio Dóro, Degree in Music Therapy of the Faculty of Arts of Paraná (1999), Master’s Degree of the Post-Graduate Program in Internal Medicine Of the Complex of Hospital de Clínicas of the Federal University of Paraná (2016), Brazil
Received: July 26, 2018; Published: August 16, 2018
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Background: Hematopoietic Stem Cells Transplantation (HSCT) is a treatment realized to combat several neoplastic hematological diseases. This proceeding combines chemotherapy doses, radiotherapy and has a high level of toxicity which causes physical and physiological morbidities and psychological suffering to the patient.
Methods: Objective - This study evaluates the impact of music therapy in anxiety expression in adult patients who were hospitalized to go under allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT).
Design: This study is categorized as a Randomized Controlled Trial. Participants: adult Patients (n=100); groups: Experimental Music therapy Group (EMG) adult patients n=50 Control Group (CG) patients n=50.
Intervention: emotional disorders, altered cognition, leading the patient to a depression. In this context, music therapy was applied as a therapeutic resource that contributes with the patient’s interaction. After, each music therapy session a Visual Analog Scale (VAS) was applied.
Main Outcome Measure: Student tests for independent variables and Mann-Whitney for non-parametrical variable. The level of statistical significance adopted in all the scales was p<0,05.
Results: The variable anxiety were, analyzed considering three studies: first session, last session and average session of music therapy sessions. (p=<0,001) in the comparison of the two groups was considered statistically significant.
Conclusion: In this study the music therapy proved to be a strong ally in the treatment of patients undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic stem cells transplantation, decreases anxiety, providing bio-psychosocial welfare.
Keywords: Music therapy; Anxiety; HSCT Allogeneic