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Research ArticleOpen Access

Music Therapy Decreases Anxiety of Patients Undergoing Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation (Controlled Randomized Study)

Volume 8 - Issue 1

Carlos Antonio Dóro1*, José Zanis Neto2, Rosemyriam Cunha3 and Maribel Pelaez Doro4

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    • 1Faculty of Arts of Paraná, Federal University of Paraná, Brazil
    • 2Department in Hematology, Federal University of Parana, Brazil
    • 3Faculty of Arts of Paraná, Federal University of Paraná, Brazil
    • 4Department of Clinical Psychology, Psycho-Oncology, Hematology, Federal University of Paraná, Braziln

    *Corresponding author: Carlos Antonio Dóro, Researcher, Musician and Music Therapist: Carlos Antonio Dóro, Degree in Music Therapy of the Faculty of Arts of Paraná (1999), Master’s Degree of the Post-Graduate Program in Internal Medicine Of the Complex of Hospital de Clínicas of the Federal University of Paraná (2016), Brazil

Received: July 26, 2018;   Published: August 16, 2018

DOI: 10.26717/BJSTR.2018.08.001593

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Background: Hematopoietic Stem Cells Transplantation (HSCT) is a treatment realized to combat several neoplastic hematological diseases. This proceeding combines chemotherapy doses, radiotherapy and has a high level of toxicity which causes physical and physiological morbidities and psychological suffering to the patient.

Methods: Objective - This study evaluates the impact of music therapy in anxiety expression in adult patients who were hospitalized to go under allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT).

Design: This study is categorized as a Randomized Controlled Trial. Participants: adult Patients (n=100); groups: Experimental Music therapy Group (EMG) adult patients n=50 Control Group (CG) patients n=50.

Intervention: emotional disorders, altered cognition, leading the patient to a depression. In this context, music therapy was applied as a therapeutic resource that contributes with the patient’s interaction. After, each music therapy session a Visual Analog Scale (VAS) was applied.

Main Outcome Measure: Student tests for independent variables and Mann-Whitney for non-parametrical variable. The level of statistical significance adopted in all the scales was p<0,05.

Results: The variable anxiety were, analyzed considering three studies: first session, last session and average session of music therapy sessions. (p=<0,001) in the comparison of the two groups was considered statistically significant.

Conclusion: In this study the music therapy proved to be a strong ally in the treatment of patients undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic stem cells transplantation, decreases anxiety, providing bio-psychosocial welfare.

Keywords: Music therapy; Anxiety; HSCT Allogeneic

Abstract | Introduction | Material and Methods | Results | Discussion | Conclusion | Acknowledgement | References |