*Corresponding author:Joana Maria Soares Ferreira, Serviço de Otorrinolaringologia e Cirurgia de Cabeça e Pescoço do Centro Hospitalar de vila Nova de Gaia e Espinho E.P.E, Rua Conceição Fernandes 1079, 4434-502 Vila Nova de Gaia, Portugal
Received: July 30, 2018; Published: August 08, 2018
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The clinical discovery of hyperbaric oxygen therapy dates back centuries ago. In last decades, and with the increasing knowledge of this treatment, the interest has extended to several areas of medicine. At present, there are some well-established indications based on scientific evidence. This review aims to summarize its mechanisms of action, current indications in the area of Otorhinolaryngology, side effects and contraindications.
Keywords: Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy; Otorhinolaryngology; Clinical applications
Abbreviations: HBOT: Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy; ATA: Atmosphere Absolute; KPa: Kilopascals; VEGF: Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor; HIF: 1 alpha - Hypoxia-Inducible Factor-1 Alpha; ECHM: European Committee on Hyperbaric Medicine; ISSNHL: Idiopathic Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss