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Research ArticleOpen Access

Phenol and Mineral Content in Relation to Infection and Weight Loss by Botryodiplodia Botryodiplodia Theobromae Pat., in Market Samples of Colocasia Esculenta L.

Volume 7 - Issue 4

Otusanya MO*

  • Author Information Open or Close
    • Department of Crop protection, Federal University of Agriculture Abeokuta, Nigeria

    *Corresponding author: Otusanya MO, Department of Crop protection, College of Plant Science and Crop production, Federal University of Agriculture Abeokuta, Nigeria

Received: July 12, 2018;   Published: August 03, 2018

DOI: 10.26717/BJSTR.2018.07.001530

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This study was carried out to relate infection and weight loss by Botryodiplodia theobromae Pat, in Colocasia esculenta L. corms with their phenol and/or calcium content. Corms were sourced from two major root and tuber markets in Osiele and Kila, in Odeda Local Government Area of Ogun State, Nigeria. The infection and weight loss experiment was in CRD (complete randomized design), with two treatments (the two markets) and seven replicates. Corms were inoculated with a 10-day old pure culture of B. theobromae and incubated for 10 days, after which infection and weight was determined. The infected corms were then analysed for phenol, calcium, nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, magnesium, iron and sulphur content. Corms from Kila had infection and weight loss 41% and 37% respectively lower than corms from Osiele.

Phenol and calcium content of the corms from Kila were 89.20 mg/100gdm and 19.8 mg/100gdm respectively, significantly higher than those of the Osiele corms which were 81.59 mg/100gdm and 18.9 mg/100gdm respectively. High phenol with its antimicrobial activity as well as higher calcium conferring higher structural integrity against deterioration are adduced as the reason for lower infection and weight loss in the corms from Kila. The corms from Kila were also superior in terms of higher levels of six other nutrient minerals namely N, P, K, Mg, Fe and S which were 1281, 28.59, 0.83, 3.80, 8.95 and 888.5 mg/100gdm respectively, compared to 1249.5,27.93, 0.81,2.98,8.81 and 856 mg/100gdm in the Osiele corms. Tuber quality for storage and improvement of declining yield of Colocasia esculenta varieties in Nigeria is recommended with balanced mineral nutrition.

Abstract | Introduction | Materials and Methods | Results | Discussion | References |