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Research ArticleOpen Access

Is there a Low Risk of Multiple Sclerosis in HIV Patients?

Volume 4 - Issue 2

Celmir De Oliveira Vilaca1,2 , Marco Antonio Araujo Leite2, Rossano Fiorelli3, Pietro Novelino3, Ricardo Martelo3 and Marco Orsini*3

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    • 1National Institute of Traumatology and Orthopedics (INTO), Brazil
    • 2Fluminense Federal University (UFF), MMC Division of Neurology; Brazil
    • 3Severino Sombra University, Professional Master in Applied Health Sciences, Brazil

    *Corresponding author: Marco Orsini, Severino Sombra University, Professional Master in Applied Health Sciences. Vassouras, RJ, Brazil. Master Program in Science Rehabilitation-UNISUAM-RJ, Rua Tavares de Macedo, 95/902, CEP 24220-215, Icaraí, Niterói-RJ, Brazil

Received: April 26, 2018;   Published: May 04, 2018

DOI: 10.26717/BJSTR.2018.04.001033

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Objectives: Discuss the hypothesis of HIV infection to reduce the risk of Multiple Sclerosis.

Method: Non-systematic review using a Google Scholar platform of articles with the keywords: “HIV” or “Human Immunodeficiency Virus” associated with the term “multiple sclerosis” in the title of the journal.

Results and Discussion: 44 articles were used in English language for this manuscript.

Conclusion: There are few cases of patients with HIV and multiple sclerosis. The HIV infection may decrease risks of multiple sclerosis. The study of this association may contribute to the understanding of the physiopathology in inflammatory diseases of the central nervous system and the use of drugs for HIV infection in multiple sclerosis.

Keywords: Multiple Sclerosis; HIV; Anti-Retroviral Agents

Abbreviation: MS: Multiple Sclerosis; CNS: Central Nervous System; EB: Epstein Barr Virus; VZ: Varicella Zoster Virus

Abstract| Introduction| Method| Results and Discussion| Conclusion| References|