Kenya is witnessing rapid population growth in the urban
centers estimated at 4.4 % per year. It is projected that the number
of people living in urban areas will exceed those in rural areas in
the next two decades where majority of the population (60%)
are living in informal settlements. Due to diverse physiographic
conditions, urban areas are more exposed to various types of risks
than even rural areas which are likely to worsen due to climate
change. An increasing concentration of population coupled with
extreme events, results in high damages to assets, interruptions
in business continuity, loss of lives, displacement of populations,
which is further enhanced by economic and social vulnerability.
Informal settlements in urban areas face serious threat from such
emergencies with food security top amongst the crises facing them.