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Rising Trend in Caesarean Section Rate: A Community Health Hazard

Volume 1 - Issue 5

Soumya Ranjan Panda1*, Madhu Jain2 and Shuchi Jain3

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    • 1Senior Resident, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, India
    • 2Professor & Head, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, India
    • 3Assistant Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, India

    *Corresponding author: Soumya Ranjan Panda, Senior Resident, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, IMS, BHU, UP, India

Received: October 19, 2017;   Published: October 25, 2017

DOI: 10.26717/BJSTR.2017.01.000464

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Excessive and unnecessary use of caesarean sections is growing as a major problem for women’s health for which both developed as well as developing countries are the victims. There is no evidence to show any benefit either to mother or to infant when the procedure is not medically indicated. For a community the ideal rate of caesarean section beyond which there appears to be a null benefit to either mother or fetus is considered to be between 10%-15%. But recent studies from various countries show a much higher rate of caesarean section. This rate is even higher in private sectors. ‘On demand caesarean section’ or ‘caesarean section on maternal request’ is growing as a new indication for various social or personal reasons. This alarming rate should be stopped as soon as possible. Proper counselling should be given to labouring women. Antenatal education regarding merits and demerits of caesarean section at community level can be an useful tool.

Keywords: Caesarean Section; Antenatal Education; Vaginal Delivery

Abbreviations: AHS: Annual Health Survey; RDS: Respiratory Distress Syndrome; ICMR: Indian Council of Medical Research

Abstract| Introduction| Discussion| Conclusion| Conflict of Interest| References|