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Research ArticleOpen Access

The Effectiveness of Asthma Education Approaches for Children: Group versus Individual Education

Abeer Alatawi*

DOI: 10.26717/BJSTR.2017.01.000306

  • Author Information Open or Close
    • School of Health in Social Science, University of Edinburgh, UK
    • Corresponding author: Abeer Alatawi, School of Health in Social Science, University of Edinburgh, UK

Received: August 19, 2017;   Published: August 29, 2017

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Abstract

Objective: Childhood asthma is a common and potentially life-threatening condition and a leading cause of child admission to acute care and emergency services. The importance of educational methods for children and their parents about appropriate asthma management has been highlighted in many studies, but little is known about the effectiveness of educational methods. This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of group education intervention on asthma in secondary care settings compared with face-to-face education for children (under 18) and their parents. Specifically, it assesses the number of emergency visits, hospital admissions, school absences, quality of life, mortality and cost to provide best evidence for future clinical research and practice.

Data sources: MEDLINE, CINHAL, PsycINFO, EMBASE, Web of Science, and SCOPUS databases up to July 2013.

Study selections: 15 RCTs identified and their methodological quality assessed using JBI-MAStRI checklist.

Results: 15 of 927 studies included in the final review (with reviewer consensus) indicated a significant reduction in number of emergency visits and hospital admissions among those receiving face-to-face. Two studies highlighted the mean number of school absences; one study measured QoL of asthmatic children and their parents, four calculated the health cost of education and none considered mortality rates.

Conclusion: Face-to-face education significantly reduces asthmatic children’semergency visits and hospital admissions.

|Abstract| |Introduction| |Objective| |Method of Study Selection| |Data Collection and Analysis| |Results| |Outcomes| |Conclusion| |References|