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Research ArticleOpen Access

Comparative Study of Gastro Intestinal Parasites of Grey Duiker (Sylvicapra grimmia) in Wild and Captivity

*Adelakun KM, Halidu SK, Ogialekhe P, Omole EB and Akinade TG

DOI: 10.26717/BJSTR.2017.01.000270

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    • Federal College of Wildlife Management, Nigeria
    • Corresponding author: Adelakun KM, Federal College of Wildlife Management. P.M.B.268, New Bussa, Nigeria

Received: July 28, 2017;   Published: August 14, 2017

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Abstract

Based on the recent intensify movement to domesticate and farm wild small ruminant animals in this environment, a study was carried out to examine endoparasite present in faecal dropping of grey duiker (Sylvicapra grimmia) both in the wild and captivity in Kainji Lake National Park and Federal College of Wildlife Management Mini-Zoo, New Bussa, respectively. The result revealed the type of endoparasites found in the sample, as well as number of eggs and larva. Endoparasites identified include: Threadworm (Stronglyloides papillosus.), Hookworm (Ancylosstoma duodenale), Whipworm (Trichurus globulosa), Blood fluke worm (Schistossoma spindalis) which are found in both animals faecal samples while Large intestinal roundworm (Toxocara vitulorum) was found only in wild grey duiker sample. Threadworm (Stronglyloides spp.) had the highest number of eggs per gram 4, 800 (40.34%) for wild duiker, while 3,300 (41.25%) for captive duiker with 20 and 17 larva for wild duiker and captive duiker respectively. The Hookworm (Ancylosstoma duodenale), have 3,200 (26.89%) eggs per gram for wild duiker and 1,600 (20.0%) for captive duiker while 13 and 12 larva were counted for wild and captive. The Whipworm (Trichuris spp.) had the lowest number of eggs per gram 1,500 (12.60%) for wild duiker while 1,200 (15.0%) for captive duiker and the number of species had the wild duiker and 8 for captive duiker. Schistossoma spp. have the lowest number of eggs per gram 2,300 (19.33%) for the wild duiker, 1,900 (23.75%) for captive duiker with 14 larva for wild duiker and 10 for captive duiker while Large intestine round worm (Toxocara vitulorum) present in wild duiker only with 100eggs (0.84%) and 4 larva. Proper managements should be the priority of all and sundry involved in wild animal domestication for the good health and productive indices of both animals especially as they continue to interact more often with other animals over a large area.

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