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Review ArticleOpen Access

All Tissues Dental Laser Er:YAG laser- Review Article

Nagy Abdulsamee*

DOI: 10.26717/BJSTR.2017.01.000104

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    Head of Dental Biomaterials, Modern University for Technology & Information, Egypt

    *Corresponding author: Nagy Abdulsamee, Consultant Prosthodontics, Professor, and Head of Dental Biomaterials, Faculty of Dentistry, Modern University for Technology & Information (MTI), Egypt

Received: May 12, 2017   Published: May 23, 2017

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The breakthrough for dental laser systems came in the mid 1990’s. Among the various laser types with corresponding wavelengths, Er:YAG laser systems quickly began establishing themselves as compact and versatile additions to the dentist’s repertoire, predominantly for performing hard tissue applications. Research has shown that their wavelengths are ideally suited for both soft and hard tissue procedures due to their high absorption in water and hydroxyl apatite. Therefore Er YAG laser is considered one of the most versatile with regard to the number of possible treatment options, as their wavelength can be effectively used in the field of soft and hard tissue surgery, periodontics, endodontics, implantology, cavity preparation, and tooth whitening. The versatility of the instrument, combined with the latest achievements in Er YAG laser technology, compact design and affordability, should appeal to dental professionals seeking to optimize the procedures they currently perform and expand the number of services they offer.

Keywords: Lasers basics; Laser tissue interaction; Chromophores; Er; YAG laser applications in dentistry

Abbreviations: Nd: Neodymium; NIR: Near Infra Red; FIR: Far Infra Red; SEM: Scanning Electron Microscopy

Introduction | Mechanism of Laser Production | Laser - Tissue Interactions | Temperature Rise | Mechanism of Action | Figures | References