Neonatal jaundice is a common condition that pediatricians encounter in their practice. A descriptive study was conducted to assess the
risk factors for neonates with hyperbilirubinemia at Sree Gokulam Medical College Hospital, Trivandrum. Using consecutive sampling technique
quantitative data was collected from 110 neonates diagnosed with hyperbilirubinemia and undergone phototherapy in Neonatal units and
OBG wards. Pretested and validated questionnaire was used to collect the data. The results showed that both neonatal (ABO incompatibility,
Rh incompatibility, cord bilirubin level, hypoglycemia, caput succedenum) and maternal clinical variables (previous child with history of
hyperbiliruibinemia, gestational diabetes mellitus, oxytocin use) had acted as risk factors for neonates with hyperbilirubinemia.