In this paper, we show how the chemistry of stress build up in the body can lead to anxiety and other illnesses. Anxiety is at the heart of many other mental illnesses and disorders.
Keywords: Anxiety; OCD; Schizophrenia; Bipolar; PTSD, Chronic Fatigue; Phobias, Hypochondria; Maslow’s Hierarchy; Stress; Cortisol; Testosterone; Sense; Smell; Taste
I have noticed that those with Obsessive-Compulsive and Anxiety Disorders do not have children, nor are they married. None exercise. I theorize that it is caused by a lack of release of sexual tension and or a lack of physical exercise. Not having children may be partly the psychological cause too. In this brief paper, I consider the release of testosterone, present in both men and women, that may lead to anxiety. We will consider how anxiety plays a key role in a variety of mental health problems. Stress release is paramount in healing from anxiety. The hormone involved in the sexual drive is testosterone. It has a molecular mass of 288.42 gm/mol [1,2].
Golden Mean Parabola
This implies SE=SE’
sin 45=cos 45
The sine curve represents stress causing anxiety and the cosine represents relaxation or sexual tension release.
This is the maximum point where sin +cos =sqrt2. The green line is (sin +cos) (Figure 1).
Sin^2 t +cos ^2 t=1
Sin ^2(45) + cos ^2 (45) =1
Universe Meets Mind Equation
t=1 (Figure 2)
E= (1-ln t)3
Note: This is to the power 3 instead of 7 for the Hippocampus which has only three layers of nerve cells- not 7.
(√3)1/3= (1-Ln t)
1.2=1-Ln t (olfactory receptor cells density=12 M /10cm^2=1.2 for humans)
The limbic system, or the emotional brain, is deep in the centre of the brain and is more predated the development of the cortex. The sense of smell is hard wired into the limbic system. The limbic system is involved in the fight or flight response, mating, and finding food. The limbic system is privy to all the sensory information coming into the brain. It makes sense that the sense of smell is tied to the limbic system at sqrt3. This is when time=1, and y=2 (SE=SE’) (Figure 3). The limbic system is involved with the bottom three of Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs -survival of the species. Chronic Fatigue Syndrome may be caused by an incessant response to stress. Perhaps it is related to Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. The stress leads to phobias and hypochondria. So the key is stress and relaxation which are modelled by the sine and cosine curves. Peter has anxiety, hypochondria, and phobias from unemployment, bullying and physical and mental injuries. John has Anxiety because of trouble with the law. Mary has Anxiety over bereavement. Geordie has OCS and anxiety because of bullying. Brian has OCD because he is a perfectionist. Ben has PTSD from witnessing a dead body. There is an exterior reason for their mental illnesses (Figure 4).
0.05235/2π=0.083333=1/12 of a cycle
Serotonin +Tryptophan →Testosterone ++ΔQ
92 x 6.023=554
91.97 x (3.14159)=288.93~Testosterone amu
Sine = cosine
cos θ=sin θ
sin θ+cos θ
=sin 45 +cos 45=
E=√2 =max of sin +cos
I have experience with a variety of mental illnesses. Some I have suffered myself; others in people I knew. Figure 3 illustrates have they may be interrelated. At the heart of them all is stress (Figure 5). My hypothesis is that a lack of sexual hormone release (testosterone) causes the stress hormone Cortisol to increase in the system. Of course, testosterone is made from tryptophan and serotonin. with a cofactor iron. We provide the chemical mole balance here:
C10H12N20 + C11H12N2O2 +Fe2O3 → C19H28O2+ 2CH2+ Fe2O3+ 2O2
Serotonin (176.215g/mol.) +Tryptophan (204.22) + Cofactor
(159.69) → Testosterone (288.43)+Methane (28) + Ferric Oxide
(159.69) +Oxygen (64)
Testosterone (288.43) + Cortisol (362.46)+(28)+(159.69)|+(16)
1/t=-1.249~-1.25 ⇒ GMP
Taste and smell are closely linked.
There are 8 primary odors. 1/8=-1.25 =Emin
There are 5 primary tastes. GMP E=5; t=3
Taste +Smell energy = 5+1.25=62.5 x 2 pairs =1.25
=6.626 (20)=132.5 x 2 hemispheres=265.04 x π=0.8333=1/12
=6.626(380 nm) =251.78 x 2 hemispheres =503.57 =
Taste = 1.249
Σ=0.818 x √3=14.177~√2=E
Taste= √G=√0.666=0.816 x √3=√2
Taste and smell
The amygdala, located in the limbic system, is responsible for the sense of fear. Anxiety is the result of a fear. The amygdala is directly connected to the olfactory bulb. Thus, smell has a role to play in anxiety (Figure 6).
Bottom Up - Senses
Top Down – Memories
E=1/t=1/s since t=s
t=1/159=6.28 =1 cycle
The freq of the human brain=1/π
y=0.0516 x +0.948
0.0516=0.0516 x +.948
x=17.32=10 √3 α √3=t
Stress causes a host of mental illnesses and disorders. We see that a buildup of stress, including sexual, leads to anxiety driven illnesses. Anxiety is at the heart of many other mental illnesses and disorders.
- Carter R (2011) The Human Brain Book. Penguin, Oxford, USA.
- Diamond MD (1985) The Human Brain Coloring Book. Collins, USA.