Biomedical sciences is the study of set of applied sciences that covers the wide range of topics where as how cells, organs and system function in the human body; an exciting and dynamic area that is highly relevant to the understanding and treatment of human diseases or in other way we can also state it as applying portions of natural science or basic science, or both to develop knowledge, interventions, technology that are of use in health care or Public health. It also holds disciplines such as medical microbiology, Clinical immunovirology, clinical epidemiology, genetic epidemiology and biomedical engineering are medical sciences. In this, Biomedical scientists are the professionals qualified to work unsupervised within the pathology department of a hospital dealing with biochemistry, haematology, immunology, microbiology, histology, cytology, and transfusion services. This Biomedical science also anchors the Biomedical engineering, or bioengineering, which is the application of engineering principles to the fields of biology and Public health care. Bioengineers work with doctors, therapists and researchers to develop a new variety of systems, equipment and devices in order to solve clinical problems.
The functional sciences that address the application of science, technology, mathematics or engineering in the delivery of healthcare of general public. The branches of Health sciences includes: Addiction Medicine; Allergic Disease; Anatomy; Anesthesiology; Angiology; Audiology; Cardiology; Cardiovascular surgery; Clinical laboratory sciences; Dentistry; Dermatology; Emergency medicine; Endocrinology; Family medicine; Forensic medicine; Genetic Counselling; Gastroenterology; Geriatrics; Gynecology; Hematology; Plastic surgery; Hepatology; Histology; Immunology; Infectious Disease, Intensive care medicine; Virology; Kinesiology, Exercise Physiology; Medicine; Medical Physics; Medical genetics; Medical Technology; Midwifery; Nephrology; Rheumatology; Neuroscience; Neurology; Neuropsychology; Neurosurgery; Nursing; Nutrition, Dietetics; Obstetrics; Radiation therapy; Radiology; Occupational Therapy; Oncology; Ophthalmology; Optometry; Oral and maxillofacial surgery; Orthopedics; Orthopedic surgery; Otorhinolaryngology; Palliative care; Pathology; Pediatrics; Pediatric surgery; Pharmacology; Pharmacy; Physical medicine and rehabilitation Or Physiatry; Physical Therapy (Physiotherapy); Physiology; Podiatry; Population health & Public Health, Epidemiology; Proctology; Psychotherapy; Cognitive Therapy; Psychiatry; Pulmonology; Sleep Medicine; Speech-Language Pathology; Social Work; Stomatology; Surgery; Surgical oncology; Thoracic surgery; Translational medicine; Transplant surgery; Urology; Vascular surgery; Veterinary Medicine; Virology.
An interdisciplinary field of science that develops schemes/methods and software tools for understanding and utilizing biological data for health care. Bioinformatics as an applied field combines computer science knowledge, statistics and engineering to analyze and interpret the biological data. Bioinformatics is used in silico analyses of biological queries using mathematical and statistical techniques and has become an important part of many areas of biology in a short span.
Eg: In experimental molecular biology: Such as image and signal processing bioinformatics allow extraction of useful results from bulk amounts of raw data;
In genetics and genomics: Aids in sequencing and annotating genomes and observing the mutations in them, etc.
It majorly deals with:
Computational biology is entirely different from biological computation which is a sub-branch of computer science and computer engineering applying biology and bioengineering to build computers, but it is similar to bioinformatics, that is an interdisciplinary science using computers to store and process the entire biological data. Computational biology involves the enlargement and application of data-analytical and theoretical methods, mathematical and statistical modeling and computational simulation practices to the study of biological, behavioral, and social systems. The division is broadly defined and includes the foundations in computer science, applied mathematics, ecology, animation, statistics, biochemistry, biophysics, chemistry, molecular biology, evolution, genetics, genomics, anatomy, neuroscience and visualization.
It is more precisely defined as a restraint focusing on the study of anatomical shape and form at the visible or gross anatomical scale of morphology. It involves the improvement and application of computational, mathematical and data-analytical means for sculpting and simulation of biological structures. The field is broadly known to include foundations in anatomy, applied and pure mathematics, machine learning, computational mechanics and science, medical and clinical imaging, neuroscience, physics, probabilities and statistics; it also has strong correlations with fluid and geometric mechanics. It closely focuses on the anatomical structures that are being imaged, rather than medical imaging devices. It is similar in force to the account of Computational linguistics, which is a discipline that points out on the linguistic structures rather than the sensor performing as the transmission or the so called communication mediums. Due to the abundance of dense 3D measurements by the use of technologies such as Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), Computational anatomy has emerged as a subdivision of medical imaging and bioengineering for extracting anatomical synchronize systems at the morphome scale in 3D.
Life sciences comprise of the study of living organisms such as microorganisms, plants, animals, human beings etc. and it is related to considerations like bioethics as well. It differs from the basic biology which is the major centerpiece of the life sciences; technical advancements like molecular and clinical biology and biotechnology have led a burgeoning of specializations and interdisciplinary fields. It firstly includes the biology and its branches such as Agriculture; Anatomy; Biochemistry; Bioengineering; Biolinguistics; Biomechanics; Biomedical research; Biophysics; Biotechnology; Botany; Cell biology; Developmental biology; Ecology; Entomology; Epidemiology; Ethology; Evolutionary biology; Genetics; Hematology (also known as Haematology); Marine biology (or Biological oceanography); Microbiology; Molecular biology; Mycology; Neurobiology; Paleontology; Pathology; Physiology; Phytopathology; Population biology; Sociobiology; Structural biology; Systems biology; Toxicology; Zoology.
Also holds Medicine and its branches: Anesthesiology; Cardiology; Critical care medicine; Dermatology; Emergency medicine; Endocrinology; Gastroenterology; General Practice (often called Family Medicine); Geriatrics; Gynecology; Hematology; Hepatology; Infectious disease; Neurology; Nephrology; Oncology; Ophthalmology; Otolaryngology; Pathology; Pediatrics; Pharmacology; Pulmonology; Psychiatry; Radiology; Rheumatology; Splanchnology; Surgery; Urology; Veterinary medicine.
The advanced techniques and studies of life sciences are categorized as: Affective neuroscience; Biocomputers; Biocontrol; Encarsia formosa was one of the first biological control agents developed; bioeffector; Biodynamics; Bioelectronics; Bioinformatics; Biomaterials; Biomedical science; Biomedicine; Biomonitoring; Biopolymer; Cognitive neuroscience; Computational neuroscience; Environmental health; Environmental science; Fermentation technology; Food science; Genomics; Health sciences; Immunogenetics; Immunotherapy; Kinesiology; Medical device; Medical imaging; Structural MRI; Medical imaging: X-ray, CT Scans, Ultrasound, MRI scan; Medical social work; Neuroethology; Optogenetics; Optometry; Pharmacogenomics; Pharmaceutical sciences; Pharmacology; Population dynamics; Proteomics; Psychiatric social work; Psychology; Sports science