*Corresponding author:Eda Yılmazer, Department of Psychology Doctorate (phd) Programme, Uskudar University , Turkey
Received: June 26, 2018; Published: July 05, 2018
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This systematic review aim is to investigate the effects of child maltreatment and developmental complex trauma on emotion regulation. For this aim; articles published in PubMed, Web Of Science and Elsevier databases between 2009-2016 were scanned. In this review, 11 empirical articles in English were analyzed based on inclusion/exclusion criteria. These studies highlight that, children and adolescents who are exposed to maltreatment during childhood exhibit deficits in regulating their emotions. As studies show, the reason behind Complex Developmental Trauma is a repetitive and ongoing form of neglectful or abusive parenting. If parents lack of ability to provide enough and necessary attention to their child, he/she will not be able to control themselves or their actions. In brief, if children do not find a “secure place” for themselves during infancy, they will be more prone to experience some difficulties in regulating their moods and emotional responses when they become adults. Infants with traumatic history tend to be aggressive, isolated and disengaged and unfortunately, they may develop many psychiatric illnesses such as; depression, anxiety disorders, eating disorders, dissociation etc...in the future. Secure attachment pattern helps us create our inner maps that affect our relationships throughout life.