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Most Common Pathologies in Primary Care

Volume 6 - Issue 2

Ibrahim Rudhani, Naim Morina*, Shkelqim Kuçi and Ahmet Avdullahu I

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    • Medicinal Faculty, University of Prishtina, Kosovo and University Clinical Center of Kosovo

    *Corresponding author: Naim Morina, Specialist of Internal Medicine Medicinal Faculty, University of Prishtina, Clinical Neophrology and Hemodialysis UCCK Kosovo, Hospital Circle n.n. 10000 Pristina, Kosovo

Received: June 20, 2018;   Published: July 03, 2018

DOI: 10.26717/BJSTR.2018.06.001326

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Introduction:Primary healthcare in Kosovo is provided in accordance with policies, plans, and standards set forth in the sub-legal act issued by the Ministry of Health. In the treatment of health problems in primary health care we encounter a variety of pathologies, among them mostly acute tonsilopharyngitis, essential arterial hypertension, backache diseases, gastroenteritis and diarrhea, as well as influenza and diabetes mellitus.

Purpose of the Paper:The purpose of this paper is to provide practitioners and professionals with a comprehensive view of pathologies that occur most frequently in Primary Practice at Main Family Medical Centers No. VI in Prishtina by relying on the results that derived from research. This involves statistical analysis of the incidence by sex and age for certain pathologies, including the incidence by appearance frequency of influence during the months of the year.

Methods: Statistical Diagnostic Data on the Morbidity of Population from the Family Medicine Center no. VI-Prishtina, for the period January 1, 2017 to December 31, 2017 are used in this paper. In this retrospective study, 4720 cases of the, above mentioned pathologies have been reported. Patients diagnosed with acute tonsilopharyngitis, gastroenteritis and diarrhea, diabetes mellitus, essential arterial hypertension, back ache causing diseases and influenza during 2017, participated in this paper.

Results: In the period from January 1, 2017 to December 31, 2017, 17922 patients were diagnosed in Main Family Medical Centers No. VI-Prishtina. The frequency of the diseases emphasizes 1898 (40.21%) cases of acute tonsilopharyngitis, 905 (19.17%) cases with essential arterial hypertension, 762 (16.14%) cases with back ache causing diseases, 509 (10,78%) with gastroenteritis and diarrhea, 361 (7.65%) cases with influenza and 285 (6.04%) cases with diabetes mellitus.

Conclusion: The study shows that from these pathologies the appearance frequency in percentage from 4720 cases results in 40.16% with acute tonsillopharyngitis, 19.17% with essential arterial hypertension, 16.14% backache causing diseases, 10.78% with gastroenteritis and diarrhea, 7.65% with influenza and 6.04% with diabetes mellitus

Keywords: Essential Arterial Hypertension; Influenza; Gastroenteritis and Diarrhea; Diabetes Mellitus; Acute Tonsillopharyngitis; Backache Causing Diseases

Abstract| Introduction| Study Design| Results| Discussion| Conclusion| References|