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Research ArticleOpen Access

Scabies Prevalence and Risk Factors in Pakistan: A Hospital Based Survey

Volume 2 - Issue 2

Farhana Riaz Chaudhry1*, Khalid Hameed1, Shumaila Naz1, Dilwar Annaritamolinar Min2, Paolotizzani3, Abbas Rizvi3 and Luca Rossi3

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    • 1Department of Zoology, Pir Mehr Ali Shah Arid Agriculture University Rawalpindi, Pakistan
    • 2Department of Dermatology, Military Hospital, Pakistan
    • 3Department of veterinary sciences, University of Turin Italy

    *Corresponding author: Farhana Riaz Chaudhry, Department of Zoology, Pir Mehr Ali Shah Arid Agriculture University Rawalpindi, Rawalpindi, Pakistan

Received: December 23, 2017;   Published: February 05, 2018

DOI: 10.26717/BJSTR.2018.02.000726

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In Pakistan, scabies is considered as common skin infestation but no comprehensive study is available on its epidemiology and risk factors associated with scabies. Tendency of emergence/reemergence attributes of scabies prompted to design one year study to evaluate the epidemiological profile of scabies infestation. Data was collected through questionnaires from patients visiting the Dermatology Clinic of the Military Hospital- Rawalpindi-Pakistan. The risk factors were analyzed through Chi square and later on processed through GLMs to see their impact on the scabies. Hospital based data revealed that scabies contribution is 38.15% among dermatological disorders. The infestation was higher in males than females (53.81 vs 24.22%; p<0.05) and early school going children were the most susceptible group for this disease (46.88%; p<0.05). The scabies was more common in urban population than rural one (46.46 vs 27.2%; p<0.05).A clear trend of seasonal pattern came on record with a highest infestation in winter (63.75%) and lowest in summer (16.89%).Analysis of risk factors explained 89% of variations in disease prevalence.The current study brought strong and influential features on record which is alarming for health professionals enforcing them to design effective control strategies and awareness campaigns to reduce scabietic infestation in human community.

Keywords: Sarcoptesscabiei; Itch mite; Infestation; Prevalence; Socio-Demographic Profile

Abstract| Introduction| Methods| Results| Discussion| Conclusion| Acknowledgement| References|