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Research ArticleOpen Access

Psychosocial Stressors among Suicide Attempters Attending JIPMER Hospital Puducherry

Volume 1 - Issue 7

Ansa Maria Mani1, Kavitha RR2 and Shivanad Katttimani3

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    • 1Pinderfields General Hospital, NHS trust, UK
    • 2Faculty in Psychiatric Nursing, College of Nursing, JIPMER, India
    • 3Additional Professor, Department of Psychiatry JIPMER, India

    *Corresponding author: Kavitha RR, Tutor, College of Nursing, JIPMER, Puducherry, India

Received: December 12, 2017;   Published: December 21, 2017

DOI: 10.26717/BJSTR.2017.01.000618

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Introduction: Suicide attempts are also viewed as unsuccessful lethal action and a possibility factor for future completed suicide. Psychosocial stressors in broader terms include interpersonal, social, familial, societal, psychological factors that can be the cause or consequences of stress. This study is aimed at identifying the psychosocial stressors of suicide attempters attending JIPMER hospital Puducherry.

Methods: A descriptive cross sectional survey was conducted at JIPMER hospital, Puducherry among 50 suicide attempters selected through convenience sampling. Semi structured questionnaire used for the study included demographic data sheet, Presumptive Stressful Life Event scale, Daily Hassles Scale-R, Beck’s suicide intent scale. Data were analyzed using SPSS 20. Independent sample t-test, ANOVA and Pearson correlation were used as different statistical methods. AP value less than 05 was considered as statistically significant

Results: Family conflicts and financial problems were the stressful life events among the participants while alcohol use by self or family was the major daily hassle. Majority 26 (53%) of the participants had moderate suicide intent. There was a significant association of psychosocial stressors with employment status with p=0.030. Medical illness had relationship with daily hassles and suicide intent with p=.05.

Acknowledgement: The most troubling psychosocial stressors were family based. This suggest family based intervention, focused on social intervention and tackling substance abuse in the family and teaching therapeutic interpersonal behaviors to reduce family conflicts may reduce the risk of future suicide attempts.

Keywords : Suicide; Suicide Intent; Daily hassles; Stress

Abstract| Introduction| Methodology| Results| Discussion| Acknowledgement| References|