Health care associated infections (HAIs) are known world-wide primarily due to poor hand hygiene practices. It is imperative for family
nurse practitioners (FNPs) to be role models in the workplace exemplifying proper hand hygiene techniques and advocating for patient safety.
FNPs can do this by educating those who do not perform or are not knowledgeable of proper hand hygiene practices. The Centers for Disease
Control and Prevention (CDC)  recommend that hand hygiene consist of decontaminating hands with antiseptics routinely, when hands are
soiled, before and after any patient interaction and prior to health-care related procedures. Florence Nightingale established the environmental
theory in the 1800’s, as she began to recognize the importance in maintaining a clear environment to best promote the health of her patients.
Abbreviations: WHO: World Health Organization; HAI: Health Care Associated Infections; NIH: National Institute of Health; CDC: Center for
Disease Control; HICPAC: Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee; NP: Nurse Practitioners; RN: Registered Nurses; CAN:
Certified Nursing Assistants