*Corresponding author:Arun Kumar Jindal, RP Inderaprastha Institute of Medical Sciences, Karnal, India
Received: December 01, 2017; Published: December 11, 2017
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Basic life support is commonly taught to the general public and the new generation as these may be the only ones present in the crucial few minutes before emergency personnel are available. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation is a technique of basic life support for the purpose of oxygenating the brain and heart until appropriate definitive medical treatment can restore the normal heart and ventilatory action. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation, more commonly known as CPR, is a basic life support procedure for people whose heart and lungs have ceased to function effectively. Cardiovascular disease remains the most common cause of death in developed countries and is increasing in number in developing countries. In USA, 48% of all deaths (1994) were due to cardiovascular disease. In 1997 the death rate was 35% but 68% of these deaths occurred before reaching the hospital. In India, in 1994, the annual death rate due to cardiovascular disease was 18% [1-5]. In 2002 the death rate increased to 26%. National academy of science and national council in 2002 emphasized to rediscover the value of teaching CPR in colleges. In 1998 American Health Association began a large-scale evaluation of CPR in colleges in the US. Experts strongly recommended the development of CPR programmes in colleges to ensure widespread learning of CPR and other basic life support skills, because 70-80% of cardiac arrest occur at home [5-10].